Our Research

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Vying for the Urban Poor: Charitable Organizations, Faith-Based Social Capital, and Racial Reconciliation in a Deep South City

Description:

In this article the mobilization of social capital is examined as it relates to the formation of collaborative partnerships among charitable organizations

Authors: Robert Mark Silverman
Publication year: 2002

Universities as Anchor Institutions

Description:
Authors: Eugenie Birch, David C. Perry, and Henry Louis Taylor, Jr.
Publication year: 2013

Understanding Residents Concerns Over The St. John Town House Initiative

Project Name:

The Fruit Belt Redevelopment Project
Description:

This report presents finding from four focus group meetings on resident’s concerns about the St. John Church Town House Initiative.

Publication year: 2006

The Walking Tours: Narratives About the Commodore Perry Housing Development

Project Name:

Buffalo Municipal Housing Authority - Perry Choice Neighborhood Transformation Project
Description:

This report describes the results of the Perry Choice Neighborhood Walking Tours. The walking tours were designed to create person-to-person conversations with neighborhood residents and members of the planning team.

Publication year: 2012

The University Community Initiative: Recreating the University Community

Project Name:

The University Community Initiative
Description:

This report outlines the strategic planning process of the University Community Initiative. The University Community Initiative was a regional collaboration that brought together people, institutions, and businesses with an interest in the development of the University Community.

Publication year: 1997

The Turning Point: A Strategic Plan and Action Agenda for the Fruit Belt/Medical Corridor

Project Name:

The Fruit Belt Redevelopment Project
Description:

This report is a strategic plan and action agenda that guides the restoration of Buffalo’s Fruitbelt Neighborhood and the Buffalo Niagara Medical Campus (BNMC). The plan and agenda constructs a framework to guide restoration, identifies potential sources of revenue and formulates an implementation strategy.

Publication year: 2001

The role of citizen participation and action research principles in Main Street revitalization

Description:

This article examines the use of citizen participation techniques during the planning process for neighborhood revitalization in the Village of Depew which is an industrial suburb of Buffalo, New York. The article focuses on how research principles can inform and enhance traditional approaches to citizen participation.

Authors: Robert Mark Silverman, Henry Louis Taylor Jr., and Christopher Crawford
Publication year: 2008

The Perry Choice Neighborhood Supportive Service System Threshold Plan

Project Name:

Buffalo Municipal Housing Authority - Perry Choice Neighborhood Transformation Project
Description:

This report outlines a threshold plan for improving the supportive service infrastructure in the Perry Choice Neighborhood (PCN). This threshold plan provides a set of baseline ideas about the enhancement of supportive services in the PCN.

Publication year: 2012

The Perry Choice Neighborhood Supportive Service Partner Report

Project Name:

Buffalo Municipal Housing Authority - Perry Choice Neighborhood Transformation Project
Description:

This report provides an overview of each of the partners in the Perry Choice Neighborhood Supportive Service Network.

Publication year: 2012

The Perry Choice Neighborhood Supportive Service Network Management Structure

Project Name:

Buffalo Municipal Housing Authority - Perry Choice Neighborhood Transformation Project
Description:

This report outlines the management structure for the Perry Choice Neighborhood – Neighborhood-Based Supportive Service System.

Publication year: 2012

The Perry Choice Neighborhood Service Delivery Analysis Report

Project Name:

Buffalo Municipal Housing Authority - Perry Choice Neighborhood Transformation Project
Description:

This report examines the spatial distribution of supportive services and institutions within the framework of the Perry Choice Neighborhood and Commodore Perry Development and examines the perspectives of both the residents and the service providers with regards to the current service delivery framework.

Publication year: 2012

The Perry Choice Neighborhood Safe Neighborhood Safe Neighborhood Initiative

Project Name:

Buffalo Municipal Housing Authority - Perry Choice Neighborhood Transformation Project
Description:

This report describes the Perry Choice Neighborhood – Safe Neighborhood Initiative, designed to transform the PCN into a safe and secure community.

Publication year: 2013

The Perry Choice Neighborhood Mini-Education Pipeline Strategy

Project Name:

Buffalo Municipal Housing Authority - Perry Choice Neighborhood Transformation Project
Description:

The Mini-Education Pipeline represents the education and school reform strategy that accompanies the broader Perry Choice Neighborhood Transformation Plan.

Publication year: 2013

The Perry Choice Neighborhood Life Chances Center Overview Report

Project Name:

Buffalo Municipal Housing Authority - Perry Choice Neighborhood Transformation Project
Description:

This report provides an overview of the BMHA-PCN Life Chances Center (LCC). The LCC is a proposed neighborhood-based multi-service community center which seeks to create a neighborhood anchor and centralized hub of activity in the Perry Choice Neighborhood.

Publication year: 2012

The Perry Choice Neighborhood – The Neighborhood-Based Supportive Service Network Funding Strategy

Project Name:

Buffalo Municipal Housing Authority - Perry Choice Neighborhood Transformation Project
Description:

This preliminary assessment analyzes potential funding sources for the PCN Supportive Service Network.

Publication year: 2012

The Perry Choice Neighborhood – Neighborhood-Based Supportive Service Collaborative

Project Name:

Buffalo Municipal Housing Authority - Perry Choice Neighborhood Transformation Project
Description:

The Supportive Service Collaborative is a component of the PCN Supportive Services System. This report details the need for, the organization of, the mission and organization and management structures of the Collaborative.

Publication year: 2012

The Perry Choice Neighborhood – Neighborhood Based Supportive Service Network

Project Name:

Buffalo Municipal Housing Authority - Perry Choice Neighborhood Transformation Project
Description:

This report described the Perry Choice Neighborhood Supportive Service Network. The proposed PCN Supportive Services Network will provide high quality case management and service coordination for residents through a partnership with the UB School of Social Work and the Buffalo Municipal Housing Authority to ensure that the challenges facing residents wellbeing are met holistically and that residents receive the technical support they need to connect to appropriate services.

Publication year: 2012

The Nonprofitization of Public Education: Implications of Requiring Charter Schools to be Nonprofits in New York

Description:

This article examines charter schools applying a nonprofit conceptual frame of reference.

Authors: Robert Mark Silverman
Publication year: 2012

The Masten District Plan

Project Name:

Masten District Revitalization
Description:

The Masten District Plan is a strategy for redeveloping Buffalo’s Masten district and transforming it into a great place to live, work, play and raise a family.

Publication year: 2004

The Masten District Neighborhood Plan

Description:
A Strategy for Redeveloping the Masten District and Transforming it into a great place to live, work, play and raise a family.
Authors: Center for Urban Studies
Publication year: 2004

The Martin Luther King, Jr. Cultural District & Cultural Corridor: A Strategic Plan and Action Agenda For the Masten District

Description:

The purpose of this report is to develop a strategic plan and action agenda for Buffalo’s Masten District, which is based on the turning point threshold concept. Every neighborhood has a turning point threshold, which is that point where a snowballing effect takes place that transform the neighborhood when investments rise above it. The ultimate goal of this project is to outline a plan, which if successfully implemented, will push the Masten District beyond the turning point threshold.

Publication year: 2001

The Influence of Nonprofit Networks on Local Affordable Housing Funding

Description:

This article examines public administrators’ perceptions on the effects of non-profit networks on local affordable housing activities of community-based organizations (CBSs).

Authors: Robert Mark Silverman
Publication year: 2008

The Impacts of Police Consolidation on the Masten District

Project Name:

The Impacts of Police Consolidation on the Masten District
Description:

The study analyzed the impact of a proposed consolidation plan for the Buffalo Police Department in the Martin Luther King Jr. Neighborhood.

Publication year: 1996

The Historical Overview of Blacks in the Fruit Belt: The Continuing Struggle to Build a Vibrant Community

Project Name:

The Fruit belt Redevelopment Project
Description:

This report provides and overview of the history of blacks in Buffalo’s Fruit Belt and the classic tale of how urban policies have destabilized the African American community and robbed low to moderate‐income blacks of the wealth producing power of home-ownership.

Publication year: 2009

The Highland Avenue Brownfield Opportunity Area Nomination Document

Project Name:

The Highland Avenue Brownfield Opportunity Area Project
Description:

This Nomination Document is the product of the Step 2 Brownfield Opportunity Area (BOA) Program for the Highland Community Area in Niagara Falls, NY. The City of Niagara Falls, through their involvement in the BOA Program and the development of this document, has embarked on a journey to transform approximately 560 acres – of which more than 275 is brownfield land – into a more prosperous, economically diverse, socially strong, high quality, safe destination for new employment, residential and community uses.

Publication year: 2010

The Hidden Face of Racism

Description:
Authors: Henry Louis Taylor, Jr.
Publication year: 2008

The Health Status of the Near East Side Black Community: A Study of the Wellness and Neighborhood Conditions Buffalo, New York

Description:

The purpose of this study is to gain insight into black community wellness by examining a number of health, social, economic, cultural, and lifestyle issues that affect the health status of Buffalo’s Near East Side black community.

Publication year: 2000

The Futures Academy Community Garden Project

Project Name:

Futures Academy Community & Creative Placemaking Initiative
Description:

This report proposes the creation of the Futures Academy Community Garden in a series of vacant, city-owned parcels across from Buffalo Public School 37.

Publication year: 2009

The Four Horseman of the Fair Housing Apocalypse: A Critique of Fair Housing Policy in the USA

Description:

This article examines US fair housing policy from a critical perspective.

Authors: Robert Mark Silverman, and Kelly L. Patterson
Publication year: 2012

The Fillmore Avenue Commercial Redevelopment Project

Project Name:

Masten District Revitalization
Description:

This report contains an initial market study which analyzes the potential of retailing opportunities on Fillmore Avenue and the surrounding Masten District in Buffalo, New York.

The Fillmore Avenue Commercial Redevelopment Plan

Project Name:

Masten District Revitalization
Description:

This report provides a strategy for the commercial redevelopment of the Fillmore Avenue commercial corridor in Buffalo, New York. As the gateway to the Martin Luther King, Jr. Park, and the spine that holds the two western and eastern sections of the neighborhood, the redevelopment if the Fillmore Avenue commercial corridor is central to the redevelopment of the Martin Luther King, Jr. Neighborhood.

Publication year: 2003

The Fillmore Avenue Commercial Redevelopment Plan

Project Name:

The Fillmore Avenue Commercial Redevelopment Project
Description:

The Fillmore Avenue Commercial Redevelopment Plan provides a vision for the Fillmore Avenue commercial corridor that is one of a vibrant, thriving passageway that serves as the cultural commons for the Martin Luther King, Jr. neighborhood and a Gateway to the Martin Luther King, Jr. Park. The Fillmore commercial corridor will be a symbol of the vibrancy of King’s Dream and a place that brings people together from across the race and class divide to shop, play, and interact.

Authors: Sam Cole Henry Louis Taylor, Jr.
Publication year: 2004

The Effects of Racism and Racial Discrimination on Minority Business Development: The Case of Black Manufactures in Chicago’s Ethnic Beauty Aids Industry

Description:

In this paper, the historical development of Chicago’s ethnic beauty aids industry is examined from the perspective of black manufactures. The central argument of this paper is that the business strategies of black manufactures in Chicago’s ethnic beauty aids industry have been shaped by racism and racial discrimination in mainstream society from the industry’s inception to the contemporary period.

Authors: Robert Mark Silverman
Publication year: 1998

The effects of perceived funding trends on non-profit advocacy

Description:

This paper seeks to examine executive directors’ perceptions of the relationships between access to funding and an organization’s programmatic and advocacy activities.

Authors: Robert Mark Silverman and Kelly Patterson
Publication year: 2011

The Connection: Schooling, Youth Development, and Community Building – The Futures Academy Case

Description:
Authors: Henry Louis Taylor, Jr. and Linda McGlynn
Publication year: 2009

The Battle over the Ex-Slave’s Fortune: The Story of Cynthia Hesdra

Description:

Few people are familiar with the name of Cynthia Hesdra. She was born a slave in the North During her lifetime though, she owned a successful laundry business and real estate in New York and New Jersey. She was also involved in the historic “underground railroad” station in Nyack, NY. She died at the age of 71 with a fortune estimated at around &100,000. By today’s standards she was a millionaire. Her family fought over her estate in a series of trials, which included a precedent setting trial involving handwriting analysis. The story of Cynthia Hesdra provided insight into the economic contributions of blacks in the North prior to the twentieth century. This article examines the life and times of Cynthis Hesdra and other blacks during her lifetime, using historic census data, court records, historic newspaper articles, and other sources. Initially, Cynthia Hesdra’s estate went to her husband, Edward, but the state would eventually take ownership of the ex-slave’s fortune.

Authors: Lori Martin
Publication year: 2005

The Bailey Avenue Project

Project Name:

The University Community Initiative
Description:

As part of the University Community Initiative, the Bailey Avenue Project was an undertaking by the UB Center for Urban Studies at the request of University District Council member Kevin Helfer to identify the realities and perceptions of the Bailey Avenue business community.

Authors: Denise Raymond
Publication year: 1997

The “Community as Classroom Initiative:” The Case of Futures Academy in Buffalo, NY

Project Name:

Futures Academy Community & Creative Placemaking Initiative
Description:

This paper examines the efforts of the UB Center for Urban Studies to build a university assisted community school centered neighborhood development initiative in the Fruit Belt, a distresses community in Buffalo, New York. The goal is to turn Futures Academy (School 37), a traditional Pre- K through 8th grade public school into a university-assisted community school that drives the neighborhood regeneration process in the Fruit Belt.

Authors: Henry Louis Taylor, Jr. and Linda McGlynn

Television, Violence, African American and Social Controls 1950-1976

Description:
Authors: Henry Louis Taylor, Jr.
Publication year: 1983

Striving for a Healthier Buffalo: A Community Health Needs Assessment for the Greater Buffalo United Ministries

Project Name:

Greater Buffalo United Ministries Community Health Needs Assessment
Description:

The purpose of the Community Health Needs Assessment is to identify the unmet health challenges of the Greater Buffalo United Ministries (GRUM) communities in Erie and Niagara Counties. It will outline a strategy for addressing those needs, and to develop a set of performance indicators and metrics to monitor progress in meeting those needs. This assessment will provide GRUM and the Greater Buffalo United Affordable Healthcare Network (GBUAHN) with the framework needed to forge an implementation strategy to address the unmet health needs of the GRUM community.

Publication year: 2014

Strategic Assimilation or Creation of Symbolic Blackness: Middle-Class Blacks in Suburban Contexts

Description:

The black middle class has been the subject of a great deal of scholarly inquiry. Recently, scholars have directed their attention towards understanding how middle class blacks negotiate their racial identity. Some contend that blacks engage in strategic assimilation, working and sometimes living alongside members of the dominant group, while simultaneously maintaining social ties with members of their own racial group. To examine changes in the size and composition of the black middle class in various suburban contexts comparisons were made of selected demographic data from 1990 and 2000. The purpose of the study is to see if middle class blacks are engaging in strategic assimilation. The findings reveal that the size of the black middle class increased between 1990 and 2000 and that demographic differences exist between members of the black middle class based upon whether or not they reside inside or outside of the suburbs. The findings support the contention that middle class blacks are not engaging in strategic assimilation.

Authors: Lori Martin
Publication year: 2008

Solving the Dewey Problem: Where Do We Go From Here?

Description:

The purpose of this essay is to contribute to the development of the Penn Thesis by identifying the major challenges that must be overcome to advance Dewey’s goal of transforming the United States into a socially just, participatory, democratic society.

Authors: Henry Louis Taylor, Jr. and Linda McGlynn
Publication year: 2008

Sandwiched between Patronage and Bureaucracy: The Plight of Citizen Participation in Community-based Housing Organisations in the US

Description:

This article examines how directors of community-based housing organizations (CBHOs) in the US define the role of citizen participation in their organisations.

Authors: Robert Mark Silverman
Publication year: 2008

Report on the Brownfield Opportunity Area Mini‐ Course

Project Name:

The Highland Avenue Brownfield Opportunity Area Project
Description:

This publication reports on the completion of a Brownfield Mini-Course that was to created to solidify a common knowledge base and language on brownfield development between neighborhood residents and stakeholders and City Officials and the project consultant team and to provide residents with deeper insight into brownfield development so that might participate at a higher level in community visioning and planning sessions.

Authors: Henry Louis Taylor, Jr.
Publication year: 2008

Report on Community Meetings for Residents of McCarley Gardens

Project Name:

The Fruit Belt Redevelopment Project
Description:

This report is on the first of three meetings with residents of Buffalo’s Fruit Belt Neighborhood, which will be held regarding the construction of 49 new town houses that St. John Fruit Belt Community Development Corporation will be building in the neighborhood.

Publication year: 2011

Redlining in a Majority Black City?: Mortgage Lending and the Racial Composition of Detroit Neighborhoods

Description:

This article examines the effects of population and housing characteristics on mortgage lending patterns in the City of Detroit.

Authors: Robert Mark Silverman
Publication year: 2005

Reconsidering wealth, status, and power: Critical Demography and the measurement of racism

Description:

Sociologists have a long tradition of studying the effects of differentials in indicators of socioeconomic status by race. In fact, since Duncan’s classic study on poverty, differences on such indicators have often been considered a measure of the “cost of being black.” This paper employs the new paradigm in the study of population, Critical Demography, to develop a measure of racism based upon estimates of the differentials in wealth, status and power. Specifically, the study asks three questions: (1) How is racism measured relative to wealth, status and power in the United States? (2) Based upon this measure, how has racism changed over time? and (3) What are the theoretical implications of this measure for the study of race and ethnicity in sociology, demography and the social sciences in general? The findings provide evidence of Mertonian serendipity: once macro-level measures of racism are controlled, blacks actually exceed whites in levels of education, income and housing values. The paper concludes with a discussion of the policy implications of measuring racism from a Critical Demography perspective.

Authors: Lori Martin
Publication year: 2001

Racism, Rodeos, and the Misery Industries of Louisiana

Description:

Racism is a multilevel and multidimensional system whereby minority groups are oppressed and scapegoated by the dominant group. Claims that America has become a post-racial society notwithstanding, manifestations of racism are all around us, especiallyin the state of Louisiana. Louisiana is home to some of the poorest, and the leasteducated citizens in the nation. The state is also the site of one of the country’s mostnotorious prisons. Angola, a former—and present penal—plantation, is a majority black prison where the inmate ‘rodeo’ provides annual entertainment for largely whiteaudiences and hundreds of thousands of dollars to supplement services for prisoners thatcould arguably be paid for in less dehumanizing ways. White racial frame is a useful paradigm for understanding the linkages between mass incarceration, the exploitation ofthe Black body, the miseducation of Black youth, as well as the persistent racialeconomic inequality in Louisiana and in US society as a whole. We extend the idea of white racial frame further by introducing a concept we call “bridges to benefits”. Bridges to benefits are networks of white privilege, which flow between institutions, such as education, the economy, and the law, which involve capitalizing on the misery of Blacks while simultaneously protecting white supremacy.

Authors: Lori Martin
Publication year: 2014

Race, Consumer Characteristics, and Hiring Preferences: The South Side of Chicago

Description:

This paper is based on a series of interviews with Korean owners of beauty supply stores on the South Side of Chicago which were conducted from January 1996 to August 1996.

Authors: Robert Mark Silverman
Publication year: 1998

Public Participation and Community Outreach for the Highland Avenue ‐ Step 2 BOA Nomination Study

Project Name:

The Highland Avenue Brownfield Opportunity Area Project
Description:

This report sets clear public participation and community outreach strategies for the Highland Avenue ‐ Step 2 BOA Nomination Study.

Publication year: 2009

Progressive Reform, Gender and Institutional Structure: A Critical Analysis of Citizen Participation in Detroit’s Community Development Corporations (CDCs)

Description:

This article examines the institutional context in which community-based organisations are embedded.

Authors: Robert Mark Silverman
Publication year: 2003

Perry Choice Neighborhood Transformation Plan

Project Name:

Buffalo Municipal Housing Authority - Perry Choice Neighborhood Transformation Project
Description:

The Perry Choice Neighborhood Planning grant (PCN) produced a plan that transforms the BMHAPCN into a viable and sustainable mixed-income neighborhood that functions as a platform which enables residents to become economically secure and self-sufficient, to realize their full potential and to develop the critical consciousness and capacity that empowers them to guide the development of the community over time. To realize this outcome in practice, the Perry Choice Neighborhood planning initiative is informed by three core goals, which are viewed through the lens of neighborhood, housing, and people that inform all aspects of the planning process.

Publication year: 2013

Perry Choice Neighborhood Mini-Education Pipeline System

Project Name:

Buffalo Municipal Housing Authority - Perry Choice Neighborhood Transformation Project
Description:

This report is part of a working paper series on the Perry Choice Neighborhood Mini-Education Pipeline Strategy. This working paper details the goals, structure, and organization of the Mini-Education Pipeline System.

Publication year: 2012

Perry Choice Neighborhood Life Chances Center Potential Income and Expense Report

Project Name:

Buffalo Municipal Housing Authority - Perry Choice Neighborhood Transformation Project
Description:

The purpose of this report is to determine the the estimated expenses and income for the BMHA-PCN proposed Life Chances Center (LCC).

Publication year: 2013

Perry Choice Neighborhood In-School Supportive Service Analysis

Project Name:

Buffalo Municipal Housing Authority - Perry Choice Neighborhood Transformation Project
Description:

This report is part two of a working paper series on the Perry Choice Neighborhood Mini-Education Pipeline Strategy. This working paper provides and analysis and inventory of the existing in-school supportive services in the four MEP partner schools.

Publication year: 2012

Perceptions of Nonprofit Funding Decisions: A Survey of Local Public Administrators and Executive Directors of Community-Based Housing Organizations

Description:

This article compares how local public administrators and executive directors of community-based housing organizations (CBHO) perceive nonprofit funding decisions.

Authors: Robert Mark Silverman
Publication year: 2009

Nonprofit perceptions of local government performance in affordable housing

Description:

The purpose of this paper is to examine how executive directors of nonprofit organizations perceive local government performance in affordable housing. It builds on a larger body of research concerning the affordable housing activities of government and community-based nonprofit housing organizations at the local level.

Authors: Robert Mark Silverman
Publication year: 2009

Non-Married Women and Black Ethnicity: An Analysis of the Likelihood of Homeownership

Description:

The number of non-married women is on the rise in America and these women are making their presence known, especially where homeownership is concerned. Non-married women are among the fastest growing segment of first time home buyers. Despite these recent trends, few studies have examined the determinants of homeownership for this group. For the few studies that have not ignored this population, most examine differences between non-married Black and White females, but most do not address within group differences. The present study uses data from the 2000 decennial census to determine if ethnicity matters for non-married Black women. The results show that ethnicity explains some, but not all, of the variations of homeownership for non-married Black women

Authors: Lori Martin
Publication year: 2010

Neighborhoods Matter: The Role of Universities in the School Reform Neighborhood Development Movement

Description:

By focusing on a federal Choice neighborhood initiative, this study will not only make the case for connecting school reform and neighborhood development but also present a model that demonstrates how this can happen. The study will also make a stronger case for the university’s unique role in fostering neo-collaborative structures fit to take on wicked problems of neighborhood distress and urban decline.

Authors: Henry Louis Taylor, Jr., D. Gavin Luter, and Linda McGlynn
Publication year: 2013

Neighborhood Support Services Report: A Needs Assessment of the Perry Choice Neighborhood

Project Name:

Buffalo Municipal Housing Authority - Perry Choice Neighborhood Transformation Project
Description:

This report provides a needs assessment of the Perry Choice Neighborhood and a comprehensive Support Services Plan for the neighborhood.

Publication year: 2012

Neighborhood characteristics, community development corporations and the community development industry system: a case study of the American Deep South

Description:

This article examines the relationship between neighborhood characteristics and community development corporations (CDC).

Authors: Robert Mark Silvermen
Publication year: 2001

Mortgage Lending Disparities in Metropolitan Buffalo: Implications for Community Reinvestment Policy

Description:

This article examines patterns of mortgage lending in metropolitan Buffalo, New York.

Authors: Robert Mark Silverman
Publication year: 2008

Middleman Minorities and Sojourning in Black America: The Case of Korean Entrepreneurs on the South Side of Chicago

Description:

This article argues that Korean entrepreneurs on the South Side of Chicago have a sojourning orientation similar to the type described by middleman minority theory.

Authors: Robert Mark Silverman
Publication year: 1998

Making Waves or Treading Water? An Analysis of Charter Schools in New York State

Description:

This article compares charter schools and other public schools in New York State.

Authors: Robert Mark Silverman
Publication year: 2012

Low-Wage Workers and the Myth of Post-Racialism

Description:

This paper investigates the growing gap between the rich and the poor in America and the over-representation of people of color among low-wage workers.

Authors: Lori Martin
Publication year: 2015

Is There a Suburban Market for Housing in Buffalo, New York?

Description:

The purpose of this study is to determine if there is a suburban market for housing in buffalo; and , if such a market exists, what can the city do to capture a greater share. The ultimate goal of the study is to outline an intervention strategy that will enable the city to increase its share of the regions’s middle income housing market.

Publication year: 1997

International tourism in Cuba: Can capitalism be used to save socialism

Description:
Authors: Henry Louis Taylor, Jr. and Linda McGlynn
Publication year: 2011

Imag(in)ing Everyday Geographies: A case study of Andrew Buckles’ Why Wait? Project

Description:

This article introduces an interdisciplinary collaboration that brings together sympathetic trends in qualitative geographic visualization (from the perspective of one author who is a geographer) and contemporary generative artistic practices (from the perspective of the other author, who is an artist and theorist)—attempting to represent a diverse array of creative and multi-modal data through generative and participatory digital methods. We present how this convergence expands categories of meaning, allowing us to explore experiential/embodied as well as creative/imaginative engagements with everyday geographies distinct to a digital age. The article mediates on the idea of mapping the imagination and the ways we imagine quotidian spaces, as well as possibilities for new methods for the analysis and representation of spatial and emotional complexity. We particularly explore strategies of integrating multiple technologies and multiple-modes of representation for mapping and re-mapping complexities of social and creative living in order to help provide alternate ways to imagine, represent and engage different forms of embodied and imaginative geographies. This article presents a case study with the artist Andrew Buckles, in Seattle, Washington, correlating representational and participatory digital data including geospatial, temporal, audio, video as well as electroencephalography readings from brainwave sensors.

Authors: Jin-Kyu Jung
Publication year: 2015

How local public administrators, nonprofit providers, and elected officials perceive impediments to fair housing in the suburbs: an analysis of Erie County, New York

Description:

This article examines how local public officials, nonprofit providers, and elected officials in the suburbs of Erie County, NY perceive impediments to fair housing.

Authors: Robert Mark Silverman and Kelly Patterson
Publication year: 2011

Highland Avenue Public Participation Plan

Project Name:

The Highland Avenue Brownfield Opportunity Area Project
Description:

This is a proposal to the City of Niagara Falls to develop and implement a public participation plan for the Highland Avenue Brownfield Opportunity Area Step 2 Nomination Study.

Authors: Henry Louis Taylor, Jr.
Publication year: 2007

Governance in Erie County: A Foundation for Understanding and Action

Project Name:

The University at Buffalo Governance Project
Description:

The University at Buffalo Governance Project was an interdisciplinary research effort to study governance issues in Erie County. The Governance Project was founded upon the premise that a vigorous region requires competent, informed decision making, especially in the public sector.

Publication year: 1996

Geovisualizing Childrens transport exclusion: Childrens Afterschool Activity Opportunities in the Buffalo Metropolitan Area

Description:

This research investigates current and potentially desired opportunities available for children’s afterschool activities in the U.S. Buffalo metropolitan area. By analyzing and geographically visualizing travel paths, excluded children’s activity space, and existing activity opportunities in the 3D view using GIS, the study looks at how children’s activity opportunities are limited by any socio-spatial factors such as racial distribution,
median income, current transportation system and geographical distribution of activity opportunity. Especially, it focuses on finding out if there have been children’s unequal activity opportunities between the city and the suburban area. There is an abundance of research that has looked at accessibility to opportunities based on the transportation system. However, only few studies have focused on children’s mobility even though their mobility is typically constrained and tied to those of adults in the household. With more direct engagement with children and representation of their activity space in GIS, this article is intended to discuss transport exclusion and related socio-spatial constraints from the perspective of children.

Authors: Jin-Kyu Jung
Publication year: 2011

Futures Academy: The Case for Maintaining its Magnet/Residence School Status

Project Name:

Futures Academy Community & Creative Placemaking Initiative
Description:

The report makes the case for maintaining Buffalo Public School 37, Futures Academy, as a Magnet/Residence School. The retention of the school’s current status is one of the keys to successfully rebuilding the Fruit Belt/Medical Campus neighborhood. A strong pre-K through Eighth Grade elementary magnet/residential school is central to attracting new residents to the community.

Publication year: 2002

Fruit Belt/Buffalo Niagara Medical Campus Tax Increment Financing District

Description:

This proposal seeks to establish a TIF (Tax Increment Finance) district for this the Fruit Belt and the adjacent Buffalo Niagara Medical Campus.

Authors: Sam Cole Henry Louis Taylor, Jr. Richard Milgrom Samina Raja
Publication year: 2004

Fruit Belt Redevelopment Plan: Preliminary Study

Project Name:

The Fruit Belt Redevelopment Project
Description:

This study follows two earlier works published by the Center for Urban Studies, The Turning Point: A Strategic Plan of Action for the Fruitbelt/Medical Corridor (March 27, 2001) and Fruit Belt/Medical Corridor Tax Increment Financing District (February 12, 2002). The original report argued that better social, economic and physical connections could be established between the Buffalo Niagara Medical Campus (BNMC), a wealth generating district within the city, and the adjacent Fruit Belt residential area, one of the poorest neighborhoods in Buffalo.

The study documented in this report was the first attempt to visualize the physical potential of the residential neighborhood. The work took as proceeded under the assumptions stated in the earlier reports about the amount of residential and commercial / social amenity space that could be anticipated in this redevelopment. It was viewed as an opportunity for the existing community members to make initial suggestions about development they would like to see.

Authors: Center for Urban Studies Richard Milgrom
Publication year: 2002

From Theory to Practice: The Quest to Radically Reconstruct Buffalo’s Inner-City Neighborhoods

Project Name:

The Inner City Transformation Project
Description:
The Inner City Transformation Project (ICTP) was launched in 2001 to develop a model of community development that can be applied to the radical reconstruction of distressed neighborhoods in metropolitan Buffalo and similar size cities in the United States. The project is based on the assumption that distressed urban neighborhoods now represent the epicenter of racism and social class inequality in the United States and that the quest to dismantle racism must start with the radical reconstruction of these neighborhoods.
Authors: Henry Louis Taylor, Jr.
Publication year: 2004

Extending the Qualitative Capabilities of GIS: Computer-Aided Qualitative GIS

Description:

A number of approaches for integrating GIS and qualitative research have emerged in recent years, as part of a resurgence of interest in mixed methods research in geography. These efforts to integrate qualitative data and qualitative analysis techniques complement a longstanding focus in GIScience upon ways of handling qualitative forms of spatial data and reasoning in digital environments, and extend engagements with ‘the qualitative’ in GIScience to include discussions of research methodologies. This article contributes to these emerging qualitative GIS methodologies by describing the structures and functions of ‘computer-aided qualitative GIS’ (CAQ-GIS), an approach for storing and analyzing qualitative, quantitative, and geovisual data in both GIS and computer aided data analysis software. CAQ-GIS uses modified structures from conventional desktop GIS to support storage of qualitative data and analytical codes, together with a parallel coding and analysis process carried out with GIS and a computer-aided data analysis software package. The inductive mixed methods analysis potential of CAQ-GIS is demonstrated with examples from research on children’s urban geographies.

Authors: Jin-Kyu Jung
Publication year: 2010

Ethnic Solidarity and Black Business: The Case of Ethnic Beauty Aids Distributors in Chicago

Description:

This paper examines the development of a separate economic niche for black entrepreneurs in Chicago’s ethnic beauty aids industry.

Authors: Robert Mark Silverman

Establishment of the Buffalo Municipal Housing Authority Section 3 Business Development and Employee Training Center: A Concept Paper

Project Name:

Buffalo Municipal Housing Authority - Perry Choice Neighborhood Transformation Project
Description:

This concept paper outlines a strategy to use the HUD Section 3 Act to “capture” business development and employment opportunities to empower and produce economic self-sufficiency among public housing residents and other very low- and very-low income groups and to use these resources to transform their neighborhoods into great places to live, work and raise a family.

Publication year: 2012

Debt to Society: Asset Poverty and Prisoner Reentry

Description:

Every year, millions of people exit American jails and prisons and attempt to reintegrate into society. Ex-offenders face many obstacles during the transition. Scholars contend that securing employment is central to a successful transition. A job that allows an ex-offender to earn an income above the poverty line is especially significant, recent studies have shown. Consequently, many prisoner reentry initiatives are focused on expanding employment opportunities for ex-offenders. However, the almost exclusive emphasis on employment as the measurement of economic well-being is short-sighted because it ignores the importance of financial education and asset ownership. Prisoner reentry programs should include an emphasis on financial education in addition to an emphasis on employment as a means of reducing recidivism rates and improving the economic well-being of the ex-offenders and receiving communities. The paper concludes with a discussion of policy implications.

Authors: Lori Martin
Publication year: 2011

Dawn of the Dead City: An Exploratory Analysis of Vacant Addresses in Buffalo, NY 2008-2010

Description:

This article examines residential vacancy patterns in Buffalo, NY, using data from a unique data set.

Authors: Li Yin, Robert Mark Silverman, and Kelly Patterson
Publication year: 2012

Computer-Aided Qualitative GIS: A Software-Level Integration of Qualitative Research and GIS

Description:

A growing number of geographers are conducting mixed methods research involving the integration of quantitative and qualitative data in GIS. Contributing to these efforts, this chapter describes software-level modifications that adapt GIS to enable inclusion of qualitative data as well as interpretive codes associated with these data. These innovations enable GIS to serve as a platform for dynamically integrating quantitative and qualitative data throughout the analysis process. Further, this chapter shows how GIS may be meshed with computer-aided qualitative analysis software (CAQDAS) to support inductive interpretive analysis. The value of GIS is in its ability to represent both qualitative and quantitative data along with their spatial information, and the value of CAQDAS lies in its ability to provide better means of storing, managing, and analyzing qualitative data. The system described here enables researchers to take advantage of all of these capabilities as they are working with multiple forms of data. Further, the linkage between GIS and CAQDAS that I have developed enables researchers to carry out many different forms of analysis, such as exploratory data visualization, conventional forms of spatial analysis, grounded theory, and other approaches.

Authors: Jin-Kyu Jung
Publication year: 2009

Community through the eyes of children: blending child-centered research and qualitative geovisulization

Description:

Community is an ambiguous concept, and the meanings of community as a subject of study have received a great deal of attention across various disciplines. This paper discusses how children’s diverse meanings of community shape and are shaped by the social, cultural, and physical environments of their everyday lives. To explore these meanings I combine principles of child-centered research and qualitative geovisualization into a research methodology. I demonstrate that this integration displays the transformative nature of qualitative analysis and visualization to support interpretive analysis of various forms of qualitative and spatial data together, and offers us a hybrid methodological framework for gaining insights into the diverse meanings of community held by the children. The main case study is drawn from a multi-year research collaboration called the Children’s Urban Geography (ChUG), in which I participated along with children who lived in a relatively poor but emerging multi-cultural Hispanic neighborhood in Buffalo, NY.

Authors: Jin-Kyu Jung
Publication year: 2014

Community socioeconomic status and disparities in mortgage lending: An analysis of Metropolitan Detroit

Description:

This note examines the effects of community socioeconomic status on mortgage lending patterns in Metropolitan Detroit.

Authors: Robert Mark Silverman
Publication year: 2005

Community Outreach for the Development of a Community Vision to Inform a Community Benefit Agreement Between the University at Buffalo and the Buffalo Niagara Medical Campus

Project Name:

The Fruit Belt Redevelopment Project
Description:

This plan details the results of a community outreach strategy to inform the creation of a community benefits agreement among UB, he BNMC and the Fruitbelt Neighborhood.

Publication year: 2009

Code clouds: Qualitative geovisualization of geotweets

Description:

The popularity of geotagged social media has provided many research opportunities for geographers and GIScientists in the digital age. This article reviews innovative approaches to studying spatially linked social media, and applies lessons taken from qualitative GIS and geographic visualization to improve these approaches. I introduce the idea of “code clouds” as a potential technique for the qualitative geovisualization of spatial information. Code clouds can depict and visualize analytic codes, or codes identifying key ideas and themes, that are generated through digital qualitative research. Rather than transforming qualitative forms of data into categories or numbers, code clouds attempt to preserve and represent the context of data as a visualized outcome of qualitative analysis. Professor Jung use examples from an exploratory case study of geotweets in King County, WA, to demonstrate how code clouds can be applied to the production of meanings through qualitative geovisualization.

Authors: Jin-Kyu Jung
Publication year: 2014

Citizens’ District Councils in Detroit: The Promise and Limits of Using Planning Advisory Boards to Promote Citizen Participation

Description:

This article examines the promise and limits of using planning advisory board to augment citizen participation.

Authors: Robert Mark Silverman
Publication year: 2003

Cincinnati, Ohio 1877-1896

Description:
Authors: Henry Louis Taylor, Jr.

Chasing a Paper Tiger: Evaluating Buffalo’s Analysis of Impediments to Fair Housing Choice

Description:

This article focuses on a specific component of the US Department of Housing and Urban Development’s (HUD’s) strategy to implement a fair housing strategy, its requirements for local jurisdictions that receive community development block grant (CDBG) dollars to prepare an analysis of impediments to fair housing choice (AI) report.

Authors: Robert Mark Silverman, Kelly Patterson, and Jade Lewis
Publication year: 2013

Central city socio-economic characteristics and public participation strategies

Description:

This article aims to examine the mechanisms used by municipalities to stimulate public participation and, in part, to argue that contrasts between the socio-economic make-up of central cities in the USA and Canada explain these divergent techniques.

Authors: Robert Mark Silverman
Publication year: 2006

CDCS and Charitable Organizations in the Urban South

Description:

This article examines how community development corporations (CSC’s) and other nonprofits access social capital when constructing collaborative partnerships for urban revitalization projects.

Authors: Robert Mark Silverman
Publication year: 2001

CBOs and Affordable Housing

Description:

Since the late 1960s, community based organizations (CBSs) have become increasingly responsible for implementing affordable housing policy. Scholars have referred to this process ass the non-profitization and devolution.

Authors: Robert Mark Silverman
Publication year: 2008

Caught in the Middle: Community Development Corporations (CDCs) and the Conflict between Grassroots and Instrumental Forms of Citizen Participation

Description:

This article examines the role of citizen participation in community development corporations (CDCs).

Authors: Robert Mark Silverman
Publication year: 2005

Cashing in on the American Dream: Racial Differences in Housing Values 1970–2000

Description:

Home ownership represents much more than shelter; home ownership is also indicative of an individual’s or a group’s social and economic standing. Racial and ethnic differences have been observed not only in home ownership but also in housing values. The present study examines the extent to which differences in housing values between Asians, blacks, Hispanics and whites, and among black ethnic groups, can be attributed to race and ethnicity or to other sociological factors such as age, gender, marital status, region, occupational score, nativity, year of immigration and English proficiency. Changes in the determinants of housing values between 1970 and 2000 are assessed over time as well as changes in the level of inequality on housing values between whites and non‐whites. The findings reveal that the housing gap between whites and non‐whites over the past few decades has actually grown over time. As home values make up the largest component of the average American’s portfolio, these findings may be significant in understanding and explaining the persistence of the racial wealth gap in America.

Authors: Lori Martin
Publication year: 2008

Business Development in the Perry Choice Neighborhood

Project Name:

Buffalo Municipal Housing Authority - Perry Choice Neighborhood Transformation Project
Description:

This study provides an analysis of the number, composition, and types of businesses found in the Perry Choice Neighborhood.

Publication year: 2012

Building a Better Neighborhood Housing Partnership

Description:

Prior research has examined the role of intermediary organizations in affordable housing development and community-based housing organization (CBHO) capacity building. This article builds on this work by examining an applied research project aimed at assessing the feasibility of creating a neighborhood housing partnership (NHP) organization in Buffalo, New York.

Authors: Robert Mark Silverman and Kelly Patterson
Publication year: 2007

Brown to Green: Building a 21st Century Sustainable Community, A Strategic Plan for Regeneration of the Highland Avenue Community Niagara Falls, New York

Project Name:

The Highland Avenue Brownfield Opportunity Area Project
Description:

This proposal outlines a regeneration strategy for Niagara Falls’ Highland Avenue Community. The goal is to develop a strategic plan that identifies five priority projects that will function as catalysts that will spawn the community’s rebirth.

Publication year: 2007

Black Real Estate Professionals’ Perceptions of Career Opportunities: The Economic Detour Redux

Description:

This article focuses on black professionals’ perceptions of career opportunities in the real estate industry and discrimination in housing markets. The analysis is based on a national survey of black real estate professionals administered between July and December of 2009.

Authors: Robert Mark Silverman
Publication year: 2011

Black in Buffalo: A late-century progress report

Description:

In this essay commissioned by The Buffalo News, Henry Louis Taylor takes a look at the struggles of community building and neighborhood development within Buffalo’s East Side.

Authors: Henry Louis Taylor, Jr.
Publication year: 1996

Black Business , Group Resources, and the Economic Detour: Contemporary Black Manufactures in Chicago’s Ethnic Beauty Aids Industry

Description:

This article examines the experiences and attitudes of contemporary Black manufactures in the ethnic beauty aids industry. This industry produces specialized haircare products and cosmetics for Black consumers. Although this article focuses on owners of manufacturing businesses in a single industry, it is important because Black manufactures have historically been active in the ethnic beauty aids industry.

Authors: Robert Mark Silverman
Publication year: 1999

Black asset ownership: Does ethnicity matter?

Description:

Research has shown that blacks are relatively disadvantaged when compared with whites on a host of sociological indicators including on income, education and occupational status. Recent research has shown blacks are not all equally disadvantaged. In some cases such as in the case of blacks in Queens County, New York, blacks surpass whites in terms of median income, especially foreign-born blacks. Yet, blacks fare worse when compared with whites on indicators of asset ownership. Despite that, some black ethnic groups including those with roots in the Caribbean or from Africa have been shown to have higher rates of home ownership and higher housing values than African-Americans. However, few studies include measures of asset ownership beyond these indicators when assessing the extent to which ethnicity matters for blacks. The present study examines the following research questions: (1) What factors explain variations in the likelihood of ownership and the levels of interest, dividends and rental income owned for blacks? (2) Is ethnicity a significant predictor for black respondents? (3) Does education and occupation matter more for some black ethnic groups than for others? The findings reveal that ethnicity plays a significant role in the acquisition and accumulation of interest, dividends and rental income, but it does not account for all of the variations observed for blacks. The findings shed further light on the complexities associated with understanding wealth inequality and racial and ethnic group variations.

Authors: Lori Martin
Publication year: 2008

Beyond School-to-Prison Pipeline and Toward an Educational and Penal Realism

Description:

Much scholarly attention has been paid to the school-to-prison pipeline and the sanitized discourse of “death by education,” called the achievement gap. Additionally, there exists a longstanding discourse surrounding the alleged crisis of educational failure. This article offers no solutions to the crisis and suggests instead that the system is functioning as it was intended—to disenfranchise many (predominately people of color) for the benefit of some (mostly white), based on economic principals of the free market. We begin by tracing the economic interests of prisons and the prison industrial complex, juxtaposing considerations of what we call the “educational reform industrial complex.” With a baseline in the economic interests of school failure and prison proliferation, we draw on the critical race theory concept of racial realism, to work toward a theory of educational and penal realism. Specifically, we outline seven working tenets of educational and penal realism that provide promise in redirecting the discourse about schools and prisons empowering those interested in critically engaging issues of racism that permeate U.S. orientations to education and justice.

Authors: Lori Martin
Publication year: 2014

Better Schools Better Neighborhoods: An Innovative Model of Urban Revitalization and Sustainability for Joint School Construction Sites

Project Name:

Better Schools Better Neighborhoods
Description:

A presentation to the Mayor of the City of Buffalo and Office of Strategic Planning that urges the rebuilding of Buffalo neighborhoods around the Joint Schools Construction Board Sites (JSCB).

Back to the Future: Public Schools as Neighborhood Anchor Institutions

Description:
Authors: Henry Louis Taylor, Jr., D. Gavin Luter Linda McGlynn
Publication year: 2011

Anchor Institutions: An Interpretive Review Essay

Description:
Authors: Henry Louis Taylor, Jr. and D. Gavin Luter
Publication year: 2013

An Analysis of the Erie County Housing Market

Project Name:

The University Community Initiative
Description:

As part of the University Community Initiative, this working paper analyzes the housing market in Erie County, New York.

Publication year: 1996

A Social Resettlement Plan for the McCarley Gardens

Project Name:

The Fruit Belt Redevelopment Project
Description:

This report is a proposal to the St.John Fruit Belt Development Corporation for the completion of a comprehensive study for a resettlement plan for residents of McCarley Gardens in Buffalo.

Publication year: 2009

A home of her own: an analysis of asset ownership for non-married black and white women

Description:

Race and gender are strong predictors of asset ownership including home ownership, self-employment and interest, dividends and rental income. Yet, seldom have the two concepts been linked in the socio-logical literature on wealth inequality. Additionally, potentially important determinants such as business income have often times been excluded from the analyses despite findings suggesting that business income may be an important indicator for racial and minority groups who would otherwise be regulated to employment in low status jobs in the secondary labor market.

Authors: Lori Martin
Publication year: 2005

A Demographic Analysis of the University Community

Project Name:

The University Community Initiative
Description:

This working paper provides a demographic profile of Buffalo’s University Community by using census data for years 1950-1990.

A Case for Expanding Nonprofit Activities in Affordable Housing: An Analysis of Low-Income Housing Tax Credit Outcomes 1987-2006

Description:

This article compares nonprofit outcomes in the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) program to outcomes in the private and public sector.

Authors: Robert Mark Silverman and Kelly Patterson
Publication year: 2011